Stimulation of ornithine decarboxylase activity in chick fibroblasts by non-suppressible insulin-like activity (NSILA), insulin and serum

Journal of Cellular Physiology
G K Haselbacher, R E Humbel

Abstract

A factor isolated from human serum (nonsuppressible insulin-like activity, NSILA) stimulates multiplication of serum-starved chick embryo fibroblasts and stimulates activity of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). Physiological doses of NSILA (200 muU/ml) and pharmacological doses of insulin (200 mU/ml) stimulate ODC 4-5-fold, 10% fetal calf serum about 18-fold. Combined addition of NSILA and insulin does not result in higher activities, suggesting a common mechanism of action. The increase in cell number obtained with NSILA, insulin or serum parallels the degree of ODC stimulation. Treatment of cells with pronase also stimulates ODC activity. A sharp increase in ODC activity occurs between 2, 5 and 5.0 hours after addition of the growth factors with a peak at 4.0-4.5 hours ("activation period"). As cells leave G1 phase, ODC activity decreases rapidly. To achieve maximal activity of ODC, the growth factors have to be present during the entire "activation period." The potential to reactivate ODC decreases as cells pass through S phase. Results obtained using cycloheximide suggest that ODC is translated only in the second half of the "activation period." Data on effects of dbcAMP and dbcGMP on ODC activation by serum are discussed.

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