Stimulation of p-nitroanisole O-demethylation in perfused livers by xylitol and sorbitol

Biochemical Pharmacology
L A ReinkeR G Thurman


Xylitol and sorbitol, two sugar alcohols which readily enter into pathways of hepatic carbohydrate metabolism, stimulated p-nitroanisole O-demethylation in perfused livers from fasted, but not fed, phenobarbital-treated rats. The increase in mixed-function oxidation correlated well with the production of NADH from the metabolism of xylitol and sorbitol (half-maximal stimulation for both processes was observed with concentrations between 0.1 and 0.2 mM). p-Nitroanisole metabolism by isolated hepatic microsomes was unaffected by the addition of xylitol and sorbitol; however, when NADH was added to microsomes, or was generated from sorbitol, sorbitol dehydrogenase and NAD(+), a synergistic increase in p-nitroanisole metabolism occurred. Ethanol (0.2 mM), which does not enter into pathways of carbohydrate metabolism, also caused an increase in the pyridine nucleotide redox state and stimululated p-nitroanisole O-demethylation in livers from fasted rats. In addition, sorbitol and xylitol stimulated p-nitrophenol conjugation in livers from fasted, phenobarbital-treated animals, probably by supplying substrate for increased UDP-glucuronic acid synthesis. The data indicate that sugars which influence the pyridine nucleotide redox state...Continue Reading


Jun 14, 1957·Science·H S MASON


Jan 1, 1990·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·V C Ramin, J Bircher
Jan 1, 1990·Archives of Toxicology·Z Ben-ZviA Danon
Sep 1, 1986·International Journal of Biometeorology·T TakanoK Yamada
Jan 1, 1986·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·D R Koop, M J Coon

Related Concepts

Nitroanisole O-Demethylase
Rats, Holtzman
Rats, Laboratory

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.