Stimulation of testosterone production in vivo and in vitro in the male rhesus monkey fetus in late gestation

Endocrinology
I T HuhtaniemiR B Jaffe

Abstract

To assess intrauterine fetal testicular function, the carotid or femoral vessels of rhesus monkey fetuses, 129-145 days gestational age, were catheterized following hysterotomy of the mother. The fetus was returned to the uterus, the catheters were exteriorized through the mother's vagina and the pregnancy was allowed to continue. In this chronic preparation, basal levels of testosterone (measured with an RIA with 65% cross-reactivity with 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone) in male fetal serum were 0.85 +/- 0.29 (SD) ng/ml. Administration of a 10 or 100 IU intra-arterial bolus of hCG into the fetal circulation stimulated in increase in fetal serum testosterone levels of 70 and 630%, respectively. Other fetuses were challenged with bolus infusions of 10 and 50 micrograms of synthetic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). The lower dose caused an increase in serum testosterone concentrations in only one of four fetuses, while the higher dose resulted in a positive response in all three experiments performed. With this dose, the mean increase in circulating testosterone concentration after 1 h was 105%. In vitro, specific binding of iodinated hCG was demonstrated in testicular homogenates from rhesus fetuses near term and hCG stimulate...Continue Reading

Citations

May 1, 1977·Journal of Steroid Biochemistry·I T Huhtaniemi
Jan 1, 1986·Journal of Steroid Biochemistry·G Pointis, M T Latreille
Apr 1, 1986·Journal of Endocrinological Investigation·B C BruotD C Collins

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