Jun 18, 1976

Stimulation of tyrosine hydroxylase activity by cyclic AMP in synaptosomes and in soluble striatal enzyme preparations

Brain Research
M GoldsteinC Roberge


Dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dB-cAMP) elicits a concentration-dependent stimulation of tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the striatal and mesolimbic synaptosomes. The per cent of stimulation is significantly higher in the mesolimbic synaptosomes than in the striatal synaptosomes. dB-cAMP and depolarizing agents (ouabain or veratridine) have an additive effect on synaptosomal tyrosine hydroxylase activity, indicating that they stimulate tyrosine hydroxylase activity by different mechanisms. cAMP does not stimulate soluble striatal tyrosine hydroxylase activity unless it is added in combination with ATP and Mg2+, compounds required for the activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The cAMP elicited per cent stimulation of soluble tyrosine hydroxylase activity is dependent upon the concentration of added protein kinase and upon the pH of the reaction. dB-cAMP has the same effect on the kinetic state of tyrosine hydroxylase in synaptosomes as cAMP on the soluble tyrosine hydroxylase. The nucleotide does not alter the apparent Km for tyrosine, reduces the Km for the pteridine cofactor and increases the Ki for dopamine. Thus, cAMP increases the affinity of tyrosine hydroxylase for the pteridine cofactor and concomitantly decreases the affin...Continue Reading

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  • Citations59

Mentioned in this Paper

Limbic System
Lentiform Nucleus Structure
Cyclic AMP
Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Measurement
Enzyme agent
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases

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