Stochastic Proofreading Mechanism Alleviates Crosstalk in Transcriptional Regulation

Physical Review Letters
Sarah A Cepeda-HumerezGašper Tkačik

Abstract

Gene expression is controlled primarily by interactions between transcription factor proteins (TFs) and the regulatory DNA sequence, a process that can be captured well by thermodynamic models of regulation. These models, however, neglect regulatory crosstalk: the possibility that noncognate TFs could initiate transcription, with potentially disastrous effects for the cell. Here, we estimate the importance of crosstalk, suggest that its avoidance strongly constrains equilibrium models of TF binding, and propose an alternative nonequilibrium scheme that implements kinetic proofreading to suppress erroneous initiation. This proposal is consistent with the observed covalent modifications of the transcriptional apparatus and predicts increased noise in gene expression as a trade-off for improved specificity. Using information theory, we quantify this trade-off to find when optimal proofreading architectures are favored over their equilibrium counterparts. Such architectures exhibit significant super-Poisson noise at low expression in steady state.

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Related Concepts

Covalent Interaction
Transcriptional Regulation
Regulation of Biological Process
Transcription, Genetic
Transcription Initiation
Cross Reactions
Gene Expression
Intercellular Communication Process
Transcription Factor Binding
Regulatory DNA Sequence

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