PMID: 11727337Dec 1, 2001Paper

Strategies for management of acute renal failure

The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
M A Labato

Abstract

Acute renal failure (ARF) is often defined as the sudden inability of the kidneys to regulate water and solute balance. ARF may be more broadly defined as rapid deterioration of renal function resulting in the accumulation of nitrogenous wastes such as urea and creatinine. Clinically, oliguria is defined as urine flow of less than 2 mL/kg/h and anuria has no measurable urine production. In animals, the most common cause of ARF is nephrotoxicity; ischemia ranks second, with interstitial and glomerular diseases following.

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Citations

Jul 16, 2011·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·Katharine F Lunn
Mar 22, 2005·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·Laurie L GallatinStephen R Ash

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