PMID: 2658843Jun 1, 1989Paper

Streptococcal cause of erysipelas and cellulitis in adults. A microbiologic study using a direct immunofluorescence technique

Archives of Dermatology
P BernardJ M Bonnetblanc

Abstract

We prospectively studied 42 adult patients with acute dermis and soft-tissue infections (27 with erysipelas and 15 with acute cellulitis) involving the lower limb in all except one case. Streptococcus organisms (groups A, C, D, and G) were researched in skin biopsy specimens by a direct immunofluorescent (DIF) technique using commercially available antibodies. Our results showed that DIF gives a sensitivity of 0.70 for the in situ detection of streptococci in cases of erysipelas and cellulitis. With the obvious contribution of this DIF technique, streptococcal pathogens could be detected in situ and grouped in 19 of 27 cases of erysipelas (group A, 13; group B, 1; group C, 1; and group G, 4) and in ten of 15 cases of cellulitis (group A, 9; group B, 1). Combined data, including conventional cultures, DIF studies, and serologic findings, established that Streptococcus organisms, especially Streptococcus pyogenes (A), were, in nearly all cases, responsible for both erysipelas (26/27 cases) and acute cellulitis (11/15 cases) involving the lower limb in adults.

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Related Concepts

Biopsy
Phlegmon
Erysipelas
Immunofluorescence Assay
Leg
Skin
Bacteria, Flesh-Eating

Related Feeds

Cellulitis

Cellulitis (erysipelas) is a recurring and debilitating bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissue. Discover the latest research on cellulitis here.

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