Streptococcus suis Serotype 2 Infection Impairs Interleukin-12 Production and the MHC-II-Restricted Antigen Presentation Capacity of Dendritic Cells

Frontiers in Immunology
Corinne LetendreMariela Segura


Streptococcus suis is an important swine pathogen and emerging zoonotic agent. Encapsulated strains of S. suis modulate dendritic cell (DC) functions, leading to poorly activated CD4+ T cells. However, the antigen presentation ability of S. suis-stimulated DCs has not been investigated yet. In this work, we aimed to characterize the antigen presentation profiles of S. suis-stimulated DCs, both in vitro and in vivo. Upon direct activation in vitro, S. suis-stimulated murine bone marrow-derived DCs (bmDCs) preserved their antigen capture/processing capacities. However, they showed delayed kinetics of MHC-II expression compared to lipopolysaccharide-stimulated bmDCs. Meanwhile, splenic DCs from infected mice exhibited a compromised MHC-II expression, despite an appropriate expression of maturation markers. To identify potential interfering mechanisms, Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Transactivator (CIITA) and membrane-associated RING-CH (MARCH)1/8 transcription were studied. S. suis-stimulated DCs maintained low levels of CIITA at early time points, both in vitro and in vivo, which could limit their ability to increase MHC-II synthesis. S. suis-stimulated DCs also displayed sustained/upregulated levels of MARCH1/8, thus ...Continue Reading


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