Stress stimulates several adaptive hormonal responses. Prominent among these responses are the secretion of catecholamines from the adrenal medulla, corticosteroids from the adrenal cortex, and adrenocorticotropin from the anterior pituitary. A number of complex interactions are involved in the regulation of these hormones. Glucocorticoids regulate catecholamine biosynthesis in the adrenal medulla and catecholamines stimulate adrenocorticotropin release from the anterior pituitary. In addition, other hormones, including corticotropin-releasing factor, vasoactive intestinal peptide, and arginine vasopressin stimulate while the corticosteroids and somatostatin inhibit adrenocorticotropin secretion. Together these agents appear to determine the complex physiologic responses to a variety of stressors.
Associated Clinical Trials
Morphological and functional studies of the paracrine interaction between cortex and medulla in the adrenal gland
Psychophysiology of work: stress, gender, endocrine response, and work-related upper extremity disorders
Novel approaches to the treatment of depression by modulating the hypothalamic - pituitary - adrenal axis
Rat dopamine beta-hydroxylase: molecular cloning and characterization of the cDNA and regulation of the mRNA by reserpine
Differences between adrenomedullary adrenaline and noradrenaline cells: quantitative electron-microscopic evaluation of their differential cellular association with supporting cells
Effect of prostaglandin E2 on ACTH and beta-endorphin release from rat adenohypophysis in vitro after secretagogues which can mimic various first or second messengers
Intravenous injection of horseradish peroxidase in the rat stimulates corticosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone release
Transient supression by stress of haloperidol induced catalepsy by the activation of the adrenal medulla
Influence of age and splanchnic nerve on the action of melatonin in the adrenomedullary catecholamine content and blood glucose level in the avian group
Inhibition of anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody-induced T-cell proliferation by dexamethasone, isoproterenol, or prostaglandin E2 either alone or in combination
Lesions of the ventral noradrenergic bundle prevent the rise in blood pressure induced by social deprivation stress in the rat
Noradrenaline content of the brain of rats of various ages following adaptation to a new situation and to the development of a passive avoidance conditioned reflex
Coexisting dysregulations of both the sympathoadrenal system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis in melancholia
Peripheral and central short-term effects of fusaric acid, a DBH inhibitor, on tryptophan and serotonin metabolism in the rat
Arginine vasopressin, but not corticotropin releasing factor, is a potent stimulator of adrenocorticotropic hormone following electroconvulsive treatment
The influence of human corticotropin-releasing hormone on somatostatin secretion in depressed patients and controls
Effect of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on glucose and lipid metabolism of isolated rat adipocytes
Stimulation of gastric secretion and enhanced gastric mucosal damage following central administration of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) in rats
Nicotine modulates effects of stress on acoustic startle reflexes in rats: dependence on dose, stressor and initial reactivity
Behavioral and autonomic responses to intermittent social stress: differential protection by clonidine and metoprolol
Serum-free culture of AtT 20 pituitary cells: a system for neuroendocrine studies under defined conditions
Calcium channel blocker prevents stress-induced activation of renin and aldosterone in conscious pig
Neuroendocrine markers in aging brain: clinical and neurobiological significance of dexamethasone suppression test
A non-invasive technique for analyzing fecal cortisol metabolites in snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus)
Stress triggered changes in gene expression in adrenal medulla: transcriptional responses to acute and chronic stress.
Relationships between sex and stress hormone levels in feces and marking behavior in a wild population of Iberian wolves (Canis lupus signatus).
Physiological stress responses, fecal marking behavior, and reproduction in wild European pine martens (Martes martes)
Adrenergic Receptors: Trafficking
Adrenergic receptor trafficking is an active physiological process where adrenergic receptors are relocated from one region of the cell to another or from one type of cell to another. Discover the latest research on adrenergic receptor trafficking here.