Striatal dopamine D2 receptor occupancy induced by daily application of blonanserin transdermal patches: Phase 2 study in Japanese patients with schizophrenia

The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Hironori NishibeYoshiro Okubo

Abstract

Transdermal antipsychotic patch formulations offer potential benefits, including improved adherence. This study investigated the striatal dopamine D2 receptor occupancy with daily blonanserin transdermal patch application. This open-label, Phase 2 study enrolled 18 Japanese outpatients (20 to <65 years) with schizophrenia (DSM-IV-TR criteria; total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS] score <120 at screening) treated with blonanserin 8 mg or 16 mg tablets. Patients continued tablets for 2-4 weeks at their current dose and were then assigned to once-daily blonanserin patches (10/20/40/60/80 mg daily) for 2-4 weeks based on the oral dose. [ 11C]raclopride PET scanning determined blonanserin striatal dopamine D2 receptor occupancy (primary endpoint). Secondary endpoints included assessment of receptor occupancy by dose, changes in PANSS and CGI-S scores, patient attitudes towards adherence, and patch adhesiveness. Of 18 patients who started the blonanserin tablet treatment period, 14 patients completed treatment. Mean D2 receptor occupancy for blonanserin tablets 8 mg/day (59.2%, n=5) and 16 mg/day (66.3%, n=9) was within the values for blonanserin patches: 10 mg/day (33.3%, n=3), 20 mg/day (29.9%, n=2), 40 mg/day (61.2%, ...Continue Reading

Citations

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Dec 25, 2009·CNS Drugs·Emma D Deeks, Gillian M Keating
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Related Concepts

DSM-IV
Clinical Study by Phase
Attitude
Screening Generic
Antipsychotic Agents
Surgical Patch
Positive
Schizophrenia
Therapeutic procedure
Positive and negative syndrome scale

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