Structural and binding characteristics of the carboxyl terminal fragment of apolipophorin III from Manduca sexta

Vasanthy NarayanaswamiRobert O Ryan


The molecular basis of the interaction of apolipophorin III (apoLp-III), an exchangeable apolipoprotein from hemolymph of the sphinx moth. Manduca sexta, with lipoprotein surfaces and phospholipids was studied by investigating the structural and binding properties of the C-terminal fragment of the native protein. A 4K peptide, corresponding to the terminal helical segment of the native protein, was generated by cyanogen bromide treatment, purified by gel filtration and reverse-phase HPLC, and characterized by N-terminal sequencing and amino acid and mass spectrometric analysis. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy of the peptide in buffer indicated a predominantly unstructured state while addition of trifluoroethanol (TFE), a helix-inducing agent, resulted in an alpha-helical structure. Sedimentation equilibrium studies revealed that the 4K peptide was monomeric in buffer. The 4K peptide assumed an alpha-helical conformation in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and lysolecithin, but was unstructured in the presence of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, either when added to preformed vesicles or upon cosonication, indicating an ability to bind to detergent micelles but not to phospholipid bilayers. Unlike native apoLp-II...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Circular Dichroism, Vibrational
Membranes, Artificial
Models, Structural
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Protein Conformation

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