Feb 9, 2005

Structural and oxidation state changes of the photosystem II manganese complex in four transitions of the water oxidation cycle (S0 --> S1, S1 --> S2, S2 --> S3, and S3,4 --> S0) characterized by X-ray absorption spectroscopy at 20 K and room temperature

Biochemistry
Michael HaumannHolger Dau

Abstract

Structural and electronic changes (oxidation states) of the Mn(4)Ca complex of photosystem II (PSII) in the water oxidation cycle are of prime interest. For all four transitions between semistable S-states (S(0) --> S(1), S(1) --> S(2), S(2) --> S(3), and S(3),(4) --> S(0)), oxidation state and structural changes of the Mn complex were investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) not only at 20 K but also at room temperature (RT) where water oxidation is functional. Three distinct experimental approaches were used: (1) illumination-freeze approach (XAS at 20 K), (2) flash-and-rapid-scan approach (RT), and (3) a novel time scan/sampling-XAS method (RT) facilitating particularly direct monitoring of the spectral changes in the S-state cycle. The rate of X-ray photoreduction was quantitatively assessed, and it was thus verified that the Mn ions remained in their initial oxidation state throughout the data collection period (>90%, at 20 K and at RT, for all S-states). Analysis of the complete XANES and EXAFS data sets (20 K and RT data, S(0)-S(3), XANES and EXAFS) obtained by the three approaches leads to the following conclusions. (i) In all S-states, the gross structural and electronic features of the Mn complex are simila...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Manganese
Structure-Activity Relationship
Plain X-ray
Photodegradation
Oxidation
Radiographic Imaging Procedure
Oxidation-Reduction
Manganese Measurement
Illumination Technique

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