Structural Insights into Plasticity and Discovery of Remdesivir Metabolite GS-441524 Binding in SARS-CoV-2 Macrodomain.

ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Xiaomin NiApirat Chaikuad

Abstract

The nsP3 macrodomain is a conserved protein interaction module that plays essential regulatory roles in the host immune response by recognizing and removing posttranslational ADP-ribosylation sites during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Thus targeting this protein domain may offer a therapeutic strategy to combat current and future virus pandemics. To assist inhibitor development efforts, we report here a comprehensive set of macrodomain crystal structures complexed with diverse naturally occurring nucleotides, small molecules, and nucleotide analogues including GS-441524 and its phosphorylated analogue, active metabolites of remdesivir. The presented data strengthen our understanding of the SARS-CoV-2 macrodomain structural plasticity and provide chemical starting points for future inhibitor development.

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