Oct 24, 2018

Structural Organization of a Type III-A CRISPR Effector Subcomplex Determined by X-ray Crystallography and Cryo-EM

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Bryan W DorseyAlfonso Mondragón

Abstract

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and their associated Cas proteins provide an immune-like response in many prokaryotes against extraneous nucleic acids. CRISPR-Cas systems are classified into different classes and types. Class 1 CRISPR-Cas systems form multi-protein effector complexes that includes a guide RNA (crRNA) used to identify the target for destruction. Here we present crystal structures of Staphylococcus epidermidis Type III-A CRISPR subunits Csm2 and Csm3 and a 5.2 A resolution single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) reconstruction of an effector subcomplex including the crRNA. The structures help to clarify the quaternary architecture of Type III-A effector complexes, as well as to provide details on crRNA binding, target RNA binding and cleavage, and intermolecular interactions essential for effector complex assembly. The structures allow a better understanding of the organization of Type III-A CRISPR effector complexes as well as highlighting the overall similarities and differences with other Class 1 effector complexes.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Immune Response
Immune Effector Cell
Calcium-binding protein-2
CRISPR-Cas Systems
Complex (molecular entity)
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Crystallography, X-Ray
Maintenance of Crispr Repeat Elements
DES wt Allele
Electron Microscopy

About this Paper

Related Feeds

CRISPR for Genome Editing

Genome editing technologies enable the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). Here is the latest research on the use of CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing.

CRISPR (general)

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Discover the latest research on CRISPR here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

CRISPR Ribonucleases Deactivation

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on mechanisms that underlie deactivation of CRISPR ribonucleases. Here is the latest research.

CRISPR Genome Editing & Therapy (Preprints)

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on the application of this system for gene editing and therapy in human diseases.

CRISPR for Genome Editing (Preprints)

Genome editing technologies enable the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). Here are the latest preprints on the use of CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing.