PMID: 17209435Jan 11, 2007

Structural polymorphism of the liquid-crystalline dispersions formed from the double-stranded DNA molecules complexed with synthetic polycations

Molekuliarnaia biologiia
S G SkuridinIu M Evdokimov

Abstract

The double-stranded, linear DNA molecules form the liquid-crystalline dispersions (LCD) in water-salt solutions containing positively charged polyconidin molecules. It was established from the analysis of the absorption spectra of the LCDs formed from (DNA-polyconidin) complexes, that the mean size of the particles of these dispersions is equal to -6000 angstroms. The small-angle X-ray data show, that in the LCD particles different density of packing of the (DNA-polycation) complexes is realized. The comparison of the X-ray data of the liquid-crystalline phases of (DNA-polyconidin) complexes formed under various conditions with the phase diagram, that reflects the polymorphism of the linear double-stranded DNA liquid crystals, demonstrates that the hexagonal mode of the LCD packing is existing in 0.15-0.4 M NaCl solutions, whereas in 0.4-0.55 M NaCl solutions-- the cholesteric one. As a result of specific spatial organization the cholesteric LCD possesses of an abnormal optical activity in the CD spectrum. The similar situation takes place in the case of another synthetic polycation--poly(2,5-ionen), whose chemical structure differs from that of polyconidin. Thus, the structural polymorphism of the (DNA-polyconidine) LCDs was e...Continue Reading

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