Jun 26, 2001

Structural properties of a highly polyunsaturated lipid bilayer from molecular dynamics simulations

Biophysical Journal
L Saiz, M L Klein

Abstract

The structure of a fully hydrated mixed (saturated/polyunsaturated) chain lipid bilayer in the biologically relevant liquid crystalline phase has been examined by performing a molecular dynamics study. The model membrane, a 1-stearoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (SDPC, 18:0/22:6 PC) lipid bilayer, was investigated at constant (room) temperature and (ambient) pressure, and the results obtained in the nanosecond time scale reproduced quite well the available experimental data. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in high concentrations in neuronal and retinal tissues and are essential for the development of human brain function. The docosahexaenoic fatty acid, in particular, is fundamental for the proper function of the visual receptor rhodopsin. The lipid bilayer order has been investigated through the orientational order parameters. The water-lipid interface has been explored thoroughly in terms of its dimensions and the organization of the different components. Several types of interactions occurring in the system have been analyzed, specifically, the water-hydrocarbon chain, lipid-lipid and lipid-water interactions. The distribution of dihedral angles along the chains and the molecular conformations of the ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Photoreceptors
Biological Membrane
Molecular Dynamics
In Silico
Muscle Rigidity
Fluctuation
Choline
RHO gene
Tissue Membrane
Glycerin

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