Dec 1, 1987

Structure and expression of the human thymocyte antigens CD1a, CD1b, and CD1c

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
L H MartinC Milstein

Abstract

The CD1 human antigens are a family of at least three components, CD1a, CD1b, and CD1c, that are characteristic of the cortical stage of thymocyte maturation. CD1a was originally named HTA1 or T6 and thought to be the human equivalent of mouse Tla. The genes coding for all three have now been identified by transfection into mouse cells. The transfectants express the surface antigens that can then be recognized by the corresponding cluster of monoclonal antibodies used to define the three members of CD1. The full sequence of the genomic DNA is described for all three. The intron-exon structure of CD1a is deduced by comparison with a near-full-length cDNA clone. Similar structures are proposed for the other two, largely based on sequence homology. An unusually long 5'-untranslated exon (280 bases long) is highly conserved between the three genes, suggesting an important but unknown function. CD1c has a duplicated form of this exon that is thought to be spliced out. The major homology between the three antigens is in the beta 2-microglobulin-binding domain. The general relatedness to major histocompatibility complex class I and class II molecules is significant but low, with no section of higher homology to mouse Tla.

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
T-Lymphocyte
Transfection
CD1B
Exons
T6 Antigens
CD1a antigen
M18230
Thymocyte

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