Oct 6, 1997

Structure at 2.7 A resolution of the Paracoccus denitrificans two-subunit cytochrome c oxidase complexed with an antibody FV fragment

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
C OstermeierH Michel

Abstract

The aa3 type cytochrome c oxidase consisting of the core subunits I and II only was isolated from the soil bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans and crystallized as complex with a monoclonal antibody Fv fragment. Crystals could be grown in the presence of a number of different nonionic detergents. However, only undecyl-beta-D-maltoside and cyclohexyl-hexyl-beta-D-maltoside yielded well-ordered crystals suitable for high resolution x-ray crystallographic studies. The crystals belong to space group P212121 and diffract x-rays to at least 2.5 A (1 A = 0.1 nm) resolution using synchrotron radiation. The structure was determined to a resolution of 2.7 A using molecular replacement and refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 20.5% (Rfree = 25.9%). The refined model includes subunits I and II and the 2 chains of the Fv fragment, 2 heme A molecules, 3 copper atoms, and 1 Mg/Mn atom, a new metal (Ca) binding site, 52 tentatively identified water molecules, and 9 detergent molecules. Only four of the water molecules are located in the cytoplasmic half of cytochrome c oxidase. Most of them are near the interface of subunits I and II. Several waters form a hydrogen-bonded cluster, including the heme propionates and the Mg/Mn binding site. T...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Paracoccus denitrificans
Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit VIa
Crystallography, X-Ray
Metals
Protons
Protein Conformation
Antibody Fragments

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