Nov 10, 1992

Structure of a substrate radical intermediate in the reaction of lysine 2,3-aminomutase

M D BallingerG H Reed


Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy has been used to characterize an organic radical that appears in the steady state of the reaction catalyzed by lysine 2,3-aminomutase from Clostridium SB4. Results of a previous electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study [Ballinger, M. D., Reed, G. H., & Frey, P. A. (1992) Biochemistry 31, 949-953] demonstrated the presence of EPR signals from an organic radical in reaction mixtures of the enzyme. The materialization of these signals depended upon the presence of the enzyme, all of its cofactors, and the substrate, lysine. Changes in the EPR spectrum in response to deuteration in the substrate implicated the carbon skeleton of lysine as host for the radical center. This radical has been further characterized by EPR measurements on samples with isotopically substituted forms of lysine and by analysis of the hyperfine splittings in resolution-enhanced spectra by computer simulations. Changes in the hyperfine splitting patterns in EPR spectra from samples with [2-2H]lysine and [2-13C]-lysine show that the paramagnetic species is a pi-radical with the unpaired spin localized primarily in a p orbital on C2 of beta-lysine. In the EPR spectrum of this radical, the alpha-proton, the b...Continue Reading

  • References10
  • Citations40


  • References10
  • Citations40


Mentioned in this Paper

In Silico
Free Radicals
Amino Acid Racemases
Lysine Hydrochloride
Lysine 2,3-aminomutase

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