Aug 15, 1995

Structure of CuB in the binuclear heme-copper center of the cytochrome aa3-type quinol oxidase from Bacillus subtilis: an ENDOR and EXAFS study

Y C FannMårten Wikström


We have studied the structure of the CuB site in the binuclear heme-copper center of the fully oxidized form of the quinol-oxidizing cytochrome aa3-600 from Bacillus subtilis by EXAFS and ENDOR spectroscopy. This enzyme is member of the large superfamily of heme-copper respiratory oxidases, which catalyze the reduction of dioxygen to water and link it to translocation of protons across the bacterial or mitochondrial membrane. The EXAFS of the CuB site strongly suggests tetragonal coordination by two or three histidines with one or two O/N donor ligands. There are some indications that a Cl- ion might fractionally occupy substitution-labile sites, although the majority of enzyme molecules did not contain any heavy (second row) scatters, indicative of a Cl- (or S) bridge between the heme iron and CuB [cf. Powers, L., et al. (1994) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1183, 504-512]. Proton ENDOR spectroscopy of the CuB site in 1H2O and 2H2O media showed evidence of an oxygenous copper ligand with an exchangeable proton. 14N ENDOR revealed three inequivalent nitrogenous ligands with hyperfine coupling constants consistent with histidines. Together, these results strongly suggest that the fully oxidized enzyme has a low-symmetry, tetragonal CuB ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations40


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit VIa
Mitochondrial Membranes
Bacillus subtilis
Protein Conformation
Quinol oxidase
Natto Bacteria
Intracellular Translocation

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.