PMID: 6619131Oct 10, 1983

Structures of the major oligosaccharides from a human rectal adenocarcinoma glycoprotein

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
A KurosakaI Yamashina

Abstract

Four oligosaccharides in the reduced form were isolated from RMG (a mucin-type glycoprotein from a human rectal adenocarcinoma). They were 1) Sia alpha s2 leads to 6GalNAc-ol; 2) Sia alpha 2 leads to 6(Gal beta 1 leads to 3)GalNAc-ol; 3) Sia alpha 2 leads to 6(GlcNAc beta 1 leads to 3)GalNAc-ol; and 4) Sia alpha 2 leads to 6(GalNAc alpha 1 leads to 3)GalNAc-ol. The amounts of oligosaccharides 1, 2, 3, and 4 corresponded to 27, 5, 11, and 8% of the total N-acetylgalactosaminitol produced on alkaline borohydride treatment of RMG. To determine the structures of oligosaccharides 2, 3, and 4, a mixture of the three was subjected to methylation analysis which revealed that the N-acetylgalactosaminitol was substituted at both C-3 and C-6 and other sugars at the nonreducing ends. Desialized oligosaccharides were prepared, and the structures were deduced by analysis of the permethylated sugars on gas-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Anomeric configurations were determined by exoglycosidase digestions except for galactose which was analyzed by chromium trioxide oxidation.

Related Concepts

Carcinoma, Cribriform
Carbohydrate Linkage
Carbohydrate Sequence
Chromatography, Gas-Liquid
Paper Chromatography (Procedure)
Neoglycoproteins
Methylation
Neoplasm Proteins
Oligosaccharides
Mass Spectrometry

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