DOI: 10.1101/284034Mar 17, 2018Paper

Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Xiaowei HouStephen B Long

Abstract

The store-operated calcium (Ca2+) channel Orai governs Ca2+ influx through the plasma membrane of many non-excitable cells in metazoans. The channel opens in response to depletion of Ca2+ within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Loss- and gain-of-function mutants of Orai cause disease. Our previous work revealed the structure of Orai with a closed pore. Here, using a gain-of-function mutation that constitutively activates the channel, we present an X-ray structure of Drosophila melanogaster Orai in an open conformation. Well-defined electron density maps reveal that the open pore is dramatically dilated on its cytosolic side in comparison to the slender closed pore. Cations and anions bind in different regions of the open pore, informing mechanisms for ion permeation and the exquisite selectivity of the channel for Ca2+. Opening of the pore requires the release of cytosolic latches. Together with additional X-ray structures of an unlatched-but-closed intermediate, we propose a sequence for store-operated activation.

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.