Aug 1, 1974

Studies of platelet 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) in storage pool disease and albinism

The Journal of Clinical Investigation
H J WeissH Brand

Abstract

Platelets in patients with storage pool disease are markedly deficient in a nonmetabolic (storage) pool of ADP that is important in platelet aggregation. They are also deficient in ATP, although to a lesser degree. In seven patients with this disorder, including one with albinism, platelet 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels were reduced in proportion to the reduction in ATP (r = 0.94). Their platelets show diminished capacity to absorb [(14)C]5-HT, and the type of defect was similar to that produced in normal platelets by reserpine, a drug known to inhibit the uptake of 5-HT by the platelet dense granules. Storage pool-deficient platelets also converted more [(3)H]5-HT to [(3)H]5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid than did normal platelets, and the platelets in one of two patients studied contained increased amounts of 5-HT metabolites. The above findings, together with those reported previously, support the conclusion that the capacity of the dense granules (which may be either diminished or functionally abnormal) for storing 5-HT is decreased in storage pool disease; as a result, the 5-HT that enters the platelet may be more exposed to monoamine oxidases present on mitochondrial membranes. This diminished storage capacity (for 5-HT) may...Continue Reading

  • References34
  • Citations51

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Albinism
Ethanol
Platelet Adhesiveness
HTR7
Carbon Radioisotopes
Monoamine Oxidase
Zyderm
Blood Platelet Disorders
Tritium
Epinephrine Acetate

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