PMID: 1480Jan 1, 1976

Studies of the effect of dietary cholesterol on hepatic protein synthesis, reduced glutathione levels and serine dehydratase activity in the rat

The Journal of Nutrition
S D ClarkeG A Leveille

Abstract

A basal diet or a basal diet plus 1% of cholesterol and 0.33% cholic acid was fed to rats for varying lengths of time and (1) the activities of liver phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxykinase (PEP-CK), tyrosine transaminase (TT), and serine dehydratase (SD); (2) the rate of total hepatic protein synthesis and (3) the concentration of hepatic reduced glutathione (GSH) were quantitated. The specific activity of PEP-CK was significantly depressed by cholesterol plus cholic acid feeding, while the specific activity of TT was unchanged. No significant effect of dietary cholesterol plus cholic acid was found on the total liver activities. In contrast, SD specific activity was increased 3-fold. The rate of (U-14C)-L-leucine incorporation into total TCA precipitable protein following ingestion of cholesterol plus acid was significantly reduced when the data were expressed as dpm (U-14C)-L-leucine/mg protein. After correcting this expression for specific radioactivity of the liver tissue free leucine pool, no significant effect of dietary cholesterol plus cholic acid on hepatic protein synthesis existed. In fact, the amount of 14C-leucine incorporated into protein on a total liver basis was 50% greater for the cholesterol group. On a per gram o...Continue Reading

Citations

Jul 20, 2012·Archives of Toxicology·Takayuki Watanabe, Seishiro Hirano
May 23, 2007·Molecular Systems Biology·François-Pierre J MartinJeremy K Nicholson

Related Concepts

Cholesterol, Dietary
Cholic Acids
Reduced Glutathione
Leucine
Liver
GTP-Dependent Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase
L-Serine Dehydratase
Protein Biosynthesis
Tyrosine Aminotransferase

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Related Papers

International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Vitamin- und Ernährungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition
Müjdat UysalN Koçak-Toker
European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
J FornanderP O Hasselgren
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved