PMID: 1898075Sep 1, 1991Paper

Studies of the thermal inactivation of cardiac adenylyl cyclase: evidence for a conformational change in the reaction mechanism

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
R A Colvin, R A Allen


Membrane bound cardiac adenylyl cyclase was shown to undergo a spontaneous and irreversible thermal inactivation with a t1/2 of approximately 10 min. The loss of activity could not be explained by the action of endogenous proteases. Repeated freeze-thaw of membrane preparations resulted in a much increased rate of thermal inactivation (t1/2 = approx. 2 min). ATP, adenylimidodiphosphate, ADP, and PPi protected the enzyme from thermal inactivation with dissociation constants (Kd) of 193, 5.04, 84.4, and 6.3 microM, respectively. 5'-AMP and cyclic AMP were ineffective as protectors at concentrations as high as 3 mM. Activators of adenylyl cyclase such as Mn2+, forskolin, 5-guanylylimidodiphosphate, and NaF and 9 mM Mg2+ protected against thermal inactivation with Kd of 16.8 microM, 8.81 microM, 0.23 microM and 1.04 mM, respectively. Mg2+ alone was without effect. Thermal inactivation was first order under all conditions tested. Arrhenius plots of the rate constants for inactivation vs temperature were linear. The increased stability of ligand bound adenylyl cyclase was shown to be associated with an increased free energy of activation (delta G 0). These data provide evidence for the existence of two distinct conformations of cardi...Continue Reading


May 7, 1990·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·L BirnbaumerA M Brown
Jan 13, 1988·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·D PaleczJ V Møller

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