PMID: 119080Aug 1, 1979

Studies on adjuvants for human prophylactics. III. Comparison of adjuvanticity in different animal species

Japanese Journal of Medical Science & Biology
A YamamotoR Murata

Abstract

Activities of common adjuvants were compared in mice, rabbits and monkeys with tetanus toxoid as an antigen. Aluminium gel showed consistently high adjuvanticity for antitoxin production in all animal species examined when administered subcutaneously. Water-in-oil in water (w/o/w) showed high activity comparable to that of aluminium in mice and rabbits but no activity in monkeys. Endotoxin was considerably effective in rabbits and monkeys but not so in mice. Production of both IgM and IgG antitoxin was promoted by the effective adjuvants in rabbits and monkeys. In mice, however, the effects of adjuvants on the production of IgM antitoxin was less significant and inconsistent. Contrary to the case of guinea pigs, tetanus antitoxin was produced in mice by ip injection to a level comparable to that induced by sc injection. The effects of adjuvants in mice administered by ip and sc injection were not significantly different from each other.

Citations

Aug 1, 1981·Japanese Journal of Medical Science & Biology·R Murata, H Fukushima

Related Concepts

Immunologic Adjuvants
Anthropoidea
Antibody Formation
Tetanus Vaccine

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