May 20, 1976

Studies on camel hemoglobin. 1. Physico-chemical properties and some structural aspects of camel hemoglobin (Camelus dromedarius)

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
K D LinA I Chernoff

Abstract

Hemoglobin from an adult camel (Camelus dromedarius) was prepared from the red cell lysate by CM- and DEAE-cellulose chromatography. The purified hemoglobin showed a lesser mobility on starch gel electrophoresis at pH 8.5 than that of human hemoglobin C. Native camel hemoglobin contains 95-99% alkali-resistant hemoglobin and in soluble in 2.94 M K2HPO4/KH2PO4 buffer. Different forms of camel hemoglobin show similar ammonium sulfate precipitation curves. Indirect evidence for the stability of camel hemoglobin solutions was obtained from several sources. Spontaneous met-hemoglobin formation is extremely slow and minimal quantities of degradation products appear on starch gel electrophoresis and on chromatographic separation. The alpha and beta chains of camel hemoglobin A were separated on a CM-23 column by the use of a pyridine formate gradient. Large peptide fragments were obtained by tryptic digestion of maleylated alpha and beta chains. The N-terminal structure of the alpha and beta chains and of tryptic maleylated peptides derived from alpha and beta chains are presented. Between adult camel hemoglobin and adult human hemoglobin six amino acid differences in the N-terminal 20 amino acid residues of the alpha chain, at residu...Continue Reading

  • References5
  • Citations2

References

  • References5
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Hemoglobin Biosynthetic Process
Macromolecular Compounds
Pyridines
Hemoglobin C
Measurement of Hemoglobin C
Hemoglobin A Measurement
Chromatography, DEAE-Cellulose
Dibasic potassium phosphate
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Pyridine

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.