Studies on glycosphingolipids of fresh-water bivalves. IV. Structure of a branched globoside containing mannose from spermatozoa of the fresh-water bivalve, Hyriopsis schlegelii

Journal of Biochemistry
T HoriO Itasaka


1. A second novel globoside, provisionally named Lipid II in the previous study, was obtained from spermatozoa of the fresh-water bivalve, Hyriopsis schlegelii. The structure of this globoside was established by the results of partial acid hydrolysis, methylation studies, and oxidation with chromium trioxide. 2. The structure was shown to be GlcNAcbeta(1 leads to 2)Manbeta(1 leads to 3)[Xylbeta(1 leads to 2)]Manbeta(1 leads to 4)Glcbeta-(1 leads to 1)-ceramide. It is structurally related to the previously described globoside (Lipid I), except that a branched xylose is linked to the heterooligo saccharide chain of the latter lipid. 3. The predominant fatty acids were palmitic and stearic acids, and octadeca-4-sphingenine was the principal base, amounting to 70% of the total. The fatty acid and long-chain base compositions show nearly the same distribution in both of these globosides.

Related Concepts

Saturated Fat
Mass Spectrometry
Y-Chromosome-Bearing Sperm

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.