Studies on H-2 specificities on mouse tumour cells by a new microradioassay
Journal of Immunogenetics
F GarridoH Festenstein
Seven mouse tumour cell lines of different aetiology and origin were tested for the expression of surface alloantigens using twenty-four well defined H-2 alloantisera and anti-Thy 1.2. We used a new radioassay that involves antibody-complement treatment of the tumour target cells followed by postlabeling the surviving tumour cells with 14C-thymidine. With a relatively high frequency the anti-H-2 sera were reacting differently with the tumour cells than with respective syngeneic lymphoid cells. Thirty-six anomalous reactions out of 129 investigated were detected. Absorbtion experiments performed with H-2 antigen positive or negative lymphoid cells revealed a striking similarity between these extra-specificities and H-2 specificities of foreign haplotypes. The results are discussed in relation to the biological importance of the extra-specificities, both with regard to origin (derepression) and function (transplantation antigen properties).
Antibodies produced by B cells are highly specific for antigen as a result of random gene recombination and somatic hypermutation and affinity maturation. As the main effector of the humoral immune system, antibodies can neutralize foreign cells. Find the latest research on antibody specificity here.