Sep 1, 1975

Studies on phospholipases from Streptomyces. III. Purification and properties of Streptomyces hachijoensis phospholipase C

Journal of Biochemistry
Y Okawa, T Yamaguchi

Abstract

1. Phospholipase C [EC 3.1.4.3] found in the growth medium of Streptomyces hachijoensis was purified about sixty-fold by dialysis and column chromatography on Sephadex G-50. 2. The active fraction was separated by isoelectric focusing into two fractions, phospholipase C-I (pI 6.0) and phospholipase C-II (pI 5.6). 3. Both purified phospholipases C were homogeneous by immunodiffusion and were not differentiated as regards antigencity. 4. Phospholipase C-I had maximal activity at pH 8.0 and the optimal temperature was 50degree. Phospholipase C-I was stable at 50degrees for 30 min and was stable at neutral pH. 5. The activity of phospholipase C-I was inhibited by high concentrations of various detergents such as Triton X-100, sodium, cholate, SDS and was also inhibited by Ca2+, Ba2+, Al3+, and EDTA, but was stimulated by Mg2+, and ethyl ether. 6. The Km value of phospholipase C-I was 0.9 mM, using phosphatidylcholine as a substrate. 7. By the gel filtration procedure, the molecular weights of phospholipase C-I and -II were both determined to be 18,000. 8. Phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, cardiolipin, sphingomyelin, and lysophosphatidylcholine were hydrolyzed by phospholipase C-I, but phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphati...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cations, Divalent
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt
PLCB1
Cations, Monovalent
Drug Stability
Aluminum
Phospholipase
Hemolysis
Immunodiffusion Measurement
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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