Mar 1, 1976

Studies on some lipogenic enzymes of cultured myeloid leukemic cells

Blood
M OkumaS Numa

Abstract

The microsomal fraction of M1 cells (an established cell line of myeloid leukemia) was capable of catalyzing acylation of sn-glycerol 3-phosphate by long-chain fatty acyl-CoA thioesters. The principal lipid product formed was identified as phosphatidic acid. Palmityl-CoA, stearyl-CoA, and oleyl-CoA were more effective acyl donors than linoleyl-CoA and arachidonyl-CoA. M1 cells and macrophages differentiated from them exhibited similar levels of sn-glycerol 3-phosphate-acylating activity, which were approximately one-half that in mouse liver and approximately four times that in peritoneal macrophages. The levels of acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity in M1 cells and macrophages differentiated from them were not significantly different from each other and were comparable to those in mouse liver, whereas no activity was detected in peritoneal macrophages. These results indicated that differentiation of the myeloid leukemic cells, which results in loss of leukemogenicity and mitotic activity, is not associated with changes in the activities of these lipogenic enzymes, although the cultured cells exhibited remarkably higher activities than freshly harvested peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, the present study supports the view that th...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Macrophages, Peritoneal
Biochemical Pathway
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Activity
Microsomes
Acylation
Hairy Cell Leukemia
Leukemia, Monocytic, Chronic
Cell Differentiation Process
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.