PMID: 41613Dec 14, 1979

Studies on synaptic vesicles in mammalian brain characterization of highly purified synaptic vesicles from bovine cerebral cortex

Brain Research
N Zisapel, N Zurgil


Synaptic vesicles have been isolated from bovine cerebral cortex by sequential differential and density gradient centrifugations followed by chromatography on a Sepharose 6B column. We have studied the morphology, enzymatic markers, neurotransmitter and ATP contents and protein composition of the vesicles. The specific contents of acetylcholine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, aspartate, glutamate and catecholamines were 4--8-fold higher in the vesicle fraction compared to the crude synaptosomal pellet. Electron micrographs of the vesicle preparation showed enrichment of vesicular material with an average diameter of 50 nm. The purity of the preparation was assessed by the very low activities of enzymatic markers of cellular membranes and cytosol components. Some Ca--Mg-activated ATPase activity was detected in the vesicle preparations, but its content relative to the neurotransmitters fell on chromatography, suggesting that this activity may be partially contributed by non-synaptic vesicle components, such as small microsomes. The isolated synaptic vesicles were solubilized with 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate and subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The major Coomassie blue stained bands observed with apparent molecular weight...Continue Reading


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