PMID: 12176226Aug 15, 2002Paper

Studies on the development of a microencapsulated delivery system for norbormide, a species-specific acute rodenticide

International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Allan Nadian, Louise Lindblom


Norbormide, a selective rat toxicant, was microencapsulated to both mask the flavour and delay the release until after a lethal dose has been ingested by the rat. To this end, gelatine microspheres containing norbormide were made and over coated with either shellac resin or an equal mixture of shellac and Eudragit RS in a fluid-bed coating machine. The microcapsules absorb water, swell and burst to release their contents. In rats an 8 h window is available to delay the release of encapsulated material. In initial experiments, a shellac coating of 20% w/w was established as suitable for delaying the release. A capsule size range of 200-400 microm was selected, from capsule mastication experiment, for oral gavaging and feeding studies in rat. Oral gavage study has demonstrated for the first time that a substantial delay in release of a lethal dose of an acute poison has been achieved by microencapsulation. Feeding test has demonstrated that there is a fine balance between the size and density of the capsules in the bait to overcome mastication of the capsules by rats. A combination of shellac and Eudragit RS resins is a viable polymeric wall material to control the rate of penetration of water in to microcapsules.


Mar 1, 1968·The Journal of Hygiene·B D RennisonG L Jones
Jul 27, 1968·Nature·J H GreavesP Ayres
Jul 1, 1966·Journal of Medicinal Chemistry·G I PoosA P Roszkowski

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Aug 8, 2013·Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry·David RennisonMargaret A Brimble
May 5, 2016·Chemistry & Biodiversity·Hans ChoiDavid Rennison
May 10, 2008·Journal of Microencapsulation·Jing Xue, Zhibing Zhang
Mar 22, 2005·Pharmaceutical Development and Technology·Sontaya LimmatvapiratSatit Puttipipatkhachorn

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.