Dec 17, 1975

Studies on the mechanism of the action of morphine on the peristalsis of guinea pig ileum in situ

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
J AldunateJ Mardones

Abstract

The influence of some drugs on the effect of morphine on the threshold pressure required to elicit peristalsis in the guinea pig ileum in situ was studied, in order to test the hypothesis that this effect of morphine is mediated by catecholamine release. Tachyphylaxis to this effect of morphine was confirmed. Pretreatemnt with two 8 mg/kg doses of reserpine, 24 and 48 hrs before the experiment, significantly reduced the effect of morphine on the pressure threshold. The i.v. administration of 10 mg/kg dl-Dopa re-established the effect of morphine in reserpinized animals to the level of the untreated controls. Pretreatment with guanethidine (15 mg/kg) decreased and even prevented this effect of morphine. Phentolamine pretreatment (10 mg/kg) also significantly inhibited the effect of morphine. Neither DCI nor propranolol influenced this morphine effect. Pretreatment with reserpine, guanethidine or phentolamine reduced the basic pressure threshold needed to elicit peristalsis. The possibility that the decrease of local circulation induced by hypotenison would reduce the local concentration of morphine was rejected because the same doses of guanethidine or phentolamine did not modify the effect of hexamethonium given i.v. in this pr...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Z-Max
Catecholamine [EPC]
Cavia
Peristalsis
Morphine Measurement
Tachyphylaxis
Ileum
Guanethidine Sulfate (2: 1), 14C-Labeled
Dopa
Dihydroxyphenylalanine Hydrochloride, (2:1)

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