Aug 24, 1976

Studies on the production and assessment of experimental histidinemia in the rat

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
L M Brand, A E Harper


Intraperitoneal administration to rats of D- or DL-alpha-hydrazinoimidazolylpropionic acid was found to produce a substantial inactivation of hepatic histidine ammonia-lyase (EC in vivo. Proportional to this loss in enzyme activity was an impairment of the ability of treated rats to oxidize L-[ring-2-14C] histidine to 14CO2. Rats in which hepatic histidine ammonia-lyase activity was either depressed by DL-hydrazinoimidazolylproprionic acid injection or elevated by feeding a high protein diet displayed proportionately altered rates of 3H2O release into plasma water following L-[3-3H] histidine administration. Plasma L-histidine clearance following loading with this amino acid was similarly affected by these treatments. Administration of DL-alphal-hydrazinoimisazolylproprionic acid to rats was also found to inactivate non-specifically pyridoxal 5-phosphate enzymes in vivo; pyridoxine injection was found to reverse the DL-alpha-hydrazinoimidazolylproprionic acid-induced inactivation of hepatic aspartate aminotransferase (EC in vivo, but not that of hepatic histidine ammonia-lyase. These findings demonstrate that histidine ammonia-lyase is the rate-limiting factor in L-histidine degradation in the rat. The potenti...Continue Reading

  • References12
  • Citations1


  • References12
  • Citations1


Mentioned in this Paper

Enzymes, antithrombotic
Depressed - Symptom
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Mitochondrial Aspartate Aminotransferase
Histidine Ammonia-Lyase

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