PMID: 36075Feb 15, 1979

Studies on the relationship between the degradative rates of proteins in vivo and their isoelectric points

The Biochemical Journal
J F DiceA L Goldberg

Abstract

Acidic proteins tend to be degraded more rapidly than neutral or basic proteins in rat liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and brain and in mouse liver and skeletal muscle. We now report a similar relationship among soluble proteins from rat lung, heart and testes, and from human fibroblasts and mouse-embryo cells grown in culture. These findings indicate that the correlation between protein net charge and degradative rate is a general characteristic of intracellular protein degradation in mammals. This relationship between isoelectric point and half-life appears to be distinct from the previously reported correlation between subunit molecular weight and protein half-lives. The more rapid degradation of acidic proteins does not result from their being of larger molecular weight than neutral or basic proteins. Furthermore, proteins within specific isoelectric point ranges still exhibit a relationship between subunit size and half-life. Finally, a group of membrane or organelle-associated proteins that are insoluble in phosphate-buffered saline and water but soluble in 1% Triton X-100 exhibit a correlation between size and half-life, but not between net charge and half-life. The biochemical reasons for the relationship between protein...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 9, 2011·Trends in Cell Biology·Izumi V Hinkson, Joshua E Elias
Aug 1, 1983·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·S C Makrides
May 11, 2010·DNA Research : an International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes·Jesse M Fox, Ivan Erill
Apr 15, 1981·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·M N Kazarinoff
Sep 1, 1982·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·T P Stein
Jan 13, 2018·Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : MCP·Kyle SwovickSina Ghaemmaghami
Aug 14, 2008·Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology·Tommer Ravid, Mark Hochstrasser
Jul 3, 2020·Scientific Reports·Charles R HuttiSina Ghaemmaghami

Related Concepts

Avazyme
SDS-PAGE
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Isoelectric Point
Trypure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.