Apr 1, 1976

Studies on the structure activity relationship of adrenergic beta-mimetic benzylamine derivatives

Japanese Journal of Pharmacology
Y IwasawaA Kiyomoto


Appropriately substituted benzylamine (BZA) derivatives, fragmented derivatives of tetrahydroisoquinolines, were found to be directly acting adrenergic beta-stimulants, exhibiting tracheal relaxing, positive chronotropic and free fatty acid (FFA) releasing activities. The chemical structures essential for manifestation of the beta-action were i) 3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine, ii) arylmethyl group at position alpha, iii) lower alkyl group on the N atom. The structure activity relationships of BZA-derivatives were almost similar to, but partly different from those of tetrahydroisoquinoline- and catecholamine-derivatives. The tracheal relaxing, positive chronotropic and FFA-releasing actions of alpha-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-N-methyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine, the most active compound in the BZA-derivatives tested, were approximately one-hundred, thirty and fifty times less active than those of ISO, respectively. These results indicate that this compound is beta1-selective, while trimetoquinol is beta2-selective.

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Fat Pad
Catecholamine [EPC]
Structure-Activity Relationship

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