PMID: 42442Oct 24, 1979

Studies on the subunits of Escherichia coli coenzyme A transferase. Reconstitution of an active enzyme

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
F E Frerman, G R Duncombe

Abstract

The alpha and beta subunits of the acetyl-CoA:acetoacetate-CoA transferase were purified by isoelectric focusing of the enzyme in the presence of 6 M urea. The purified beta subunit, in which the active center of the enzyme is located, exhibits low catalytic activity (2% of the specific activity of the native enzyme) which is stimulated 5-6-fold in the presence of an equimolar concentration of alpha subunit. The presence of the substrate,acetoacetyl-CoA, is required to recover the catalytic activity of the beta subunit and mixtures containing purified alpha and beta subunits. When the enzyme is dissociation in the presence of 6 M urea and the subunits are not fractioned, removal of the urea by dialysis results in the recovery of 88-98% of enzymic activity and the native alpha2beta2 subunit structure. However, analysis of this renatured enzyme by immunochemical techniques shows that the enzyme does not refold to a completely native conformation. This renatured enzyme exhibits an immunological reactivity more closely resembling the isolated alpha subunit. The results indicate that the alpha subunit serves as a structural subunit, or possible a maturation subunit, imposing a conformation on the beta subunit that is catalytically m...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Peptide Fragments
Acetyl-CoA C-Acetyltransferase
Catalysis
Acetyltransferase

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