Study of Antibiotic Susceptibility among Bacterial Isolates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study.

JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Brajesh Raj ChaudharyBrajesh Kumar Jha

Abstract

Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries like Nepal. Antibiotic resistance among microorganisms poses new challenges in the treatment of neonatal sepsis. The present study is conducted with the objectives of determining clinico-bacteriological profile and antibiotic susceptibility among isolated bacteria in a neonatal intensive care unit. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2019, in the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital after obtaining ethical clearance from Institutional Review Committee (Reference Number: 2020-064). The sample size was calculated and 77 neonates with culture-proven sepsis were included in the study. The antibiotic susceptibility tests of the isolates were done by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Data entry was done in Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences version 20. Of the 841 specimens (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, tracheal aspirate and pus) processed for culture, bacteria were isolated in 84 (10.0%) specimens. Among the 84, gram-negative bacilli were the predominant isolates 76 (90.5%); of which Acinetobacter baumannii was the most common 27 (32...Continue Reading

Software Mentioned

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences ( SPSS )

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

CSF & Lymphatic System

This feed focuses on Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) and the lymphatic system. Discover the latest papers using imaging techniques to track CSF outflow into the lymphatic system in animal models.

Acinetobacter Infections

Acinetobacter infections have become common in hospitalized patients, especially in the intensive care unit setting and are difficult to treat due to their propensity to develop antimicrobial drug resistance. Discover the latest research on Acinetobacter Infections here.

Carbapenems (ASM)

Carbapenems are members of the beta lactam class of antibiotics and are used for the treatment of severe or high-risk bacterial infections. Discover the latest research on carbapenems here.

Carbapenems

Carbapenems are members of the beta lactam class of antibiotics and are used for the treatment of severe or high-risk bacterial infections. Discover the latest research on carbapenems here.