Jan 1, 1976

Study of the penicillin amidase from E. coli. An ultrasonic method of studying the ph- and temperature-conformational transitions in the active center of the enzyme

Antibiotiki
I V BerezinIu K Shviadas

Abstract

pH and temperature conformation transitions in the active center of penicillin amidase i.e. penicillinamidohydrolase E.C. 3.5.I.II were investigated by means of the kinetic method and a new ultrasonic method. It was shown that the catalytic activity of the enzyme was controlled by 2 ionogenic groups with pK 6.1 and 10.2. The study of penicillinamidase by means of the ultrasonic method showed that the ionogenic group with pK 10 was responsible for maintaining the catalytically active conformation of the enzyme active center. Investigation of the temperature relation between the kinetic parameters of the enzymatic hydrolysis of benzylpenicillin catalyzed by penicillin amidase and the data on the effect of ultrasound on the enzyme showed that the enzyme was subjected to the temperature conformation transiton. The temperature and thermodynamic parameters of the conformation transition were determinded (T=318 degrees K, delta H=81 kcal/mole and delta S=255 e.u.). The structure of the active center of the enzyme is discussed on the basis of the data obtained.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Thermodynamics
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Nevus
Talpidae
Hydatidiform Mole
Enzyme Activity
Ultrasonics (Sound)
Benign Melanocytic Nevus
Ultrasonography
Escherichia coli

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