Feb 1, 1976

Study of the structure of the histidine decarboxylase of Micrococcus sp. n. by the method of circular dichroism

Biokhimii︠a︡
S R MardashevN A Gonchar

Abstract

Ring dichroism spectra (RD) of histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from Micrococcus sp. n. at the regions of peptide bonds (200-240 nm) and aromatic amino acids (250-300 nm) absorption are studied. The treatment of RD spectra according to methods of Greenfield-Fasman, Saksena-Vetlaufer and Mayer permits to conclude that at the pH range within 4-8 the content of ordered structures of alpha-helix type comprises 20%, that of beta-structure type-40%, while the rest 40% are represented with polypeptide chain in a disordered globular state. When pH is varied from 1 to 12, the content of alpha-helices decreases from 17 to 5%. There are two distinct dichroic bands in the spectrum of aromatic chromophores absorption (at 270 and 290 nm), the former containing tirosine, tryptophane and phenylalanine residues and the latter being induced with triptophane residues. The study of HDC RD spectra at the regions of peptide bonds and aromatic acids absorption at different temperatures has shown that a part of triptophane, tyrosine and phenylalanine residues is in an ordered structure of the alpha-helix type. The HDC undergoes irreversible changes under heating to 70 degrees and in 8 M urea. 5 M guanidine chloride eliminates the ordered HDC structure, w...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

HDC gene
Molecular Helix
Carmol
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Helix (Snails)
Helice
Carboxy-Lyases
Enzyme structure
Aromatics
Urea Measurement

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