Nov 1, 1975

Study of the type of RNA, degraded by polynucleotide phosphorylase in polyribosomal fraction of rat liver

Biokhimii︠a︡
A A Del'vig

Abstract

The type of RNA is studied, which is degraded by polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) in the fraction of free ribosomes and ribosomes released from endoplasmic reticulum membranes with Triton X-100. Beta-32P labelled ADP, UDP, GDP and CDP are found among the degradation products of endogenous RNA of free and bound ribosomes in vitro in the presence of 32P-ortophosphate. An analysis of molar ratio of beta-32P-NDP isolated revealed that PNPase degrades RNA of GC type in both ribosome fractions. The amount of PNPase-degraded RNA in bound ribosimes is 4-fold as high as that in free ribosomes under the same conditions. Analysis of stable 32P-RNA and rapidly labelled 32-P-dRNA, isolated from bound ribosomes after the incubation with and without inorganic phosphate, revealed that PNPase attacks the 28S fragment of RNA, which consists of about 370 nucleotides, and dRNA having a sedimentation coefficient less than 12S. The rate of dRNA degradation is considerably higher than that of rRNA. 5'-RNAase, hydrolysing synthetic homopolyribonucleotides to oligonucleotides with free 3'-OH terminal group, apparently participates, together with PNPase, in dRNA and rRNA degradation.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Polyribosomes
Ribonucleotides
Tissue Membrane
Vigilon
15S RNA
Polyribonucleotide Nucleotidyltransferase
Liver
Endoplasmic Reticulum

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