Nov 14, 2019

Study partner-reported decline identifies cognitive decline and dementia risk

Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Rachel L NoshenyAlzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative investigators

Abstract

Identifying individuals at risk for cognitive decline, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a critical need. Functional decline is associated with risk and can be efficiently assessed by participants and study partners (SPs). We tested the hypothesis that SP-reported functional decline is an independent predictor of dementia risk and cognitive decline. In 1048 older adults in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), we measured associations between Everyday Cognition Scale scores (ECog, self- and SP-reported versions) and (1) baseline and longitudinal change in neuropsychological test (NPT scores) across multiple cognitive domains; (2) diagnostic conversion to MCI or dementia. Models included Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE) score and ApoE ε4 genotype (APOE) as predictors. Model fits were compared with and without predictors of interest included. SP-reported ECog was the strongest predictor of cognitive decline across multiple domains, as well as diagnostic conversion. Self-reported ECog was associated with baseline NPT scores in some cognitive domains, and diagnostic conversion to MCI in participants with biomarker evidence for AD (elevated brain β-amyloid, Aβ). Models i...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Study
Electrocochleography
Brain
Alzheimer's Disease
Participant
APOE Gene Product
SLC17A1
Side-Population Cells
Screening Generic

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