PMID: 6187462Dec 1, 1982Paper

Subfractionation of cell populations by partitioning in dextran-poly (ethylene glycol) aqueous phases. "Discriminating" and "nondiscriminating" systems

Cell Biophysics
H WalterA Pedram

Abstract

Partitioning of cells in dextran-poly(ethylene glycol) aqueous two-phase systems depends on the interaction between the surface properties of the cells and the physical properties of the phases. The latter can be manipulated to a considerable extent by selection of polymer concentrations and ionic composition and concentration. If salts (e.g., phosphate) are used that have an unequal affinity for the two phases, an electrostatic potential difference between the phases results and, at appropriately high polymer concentrations, the partition coefficient of cells is determined predominantly by membrane charge-associated properties. By "balancing" the magnitude of the electrostatic potential difference against that of the interfacial tension (primarily a function of polymer, but also phosphate, concentrations) one can obtain phase systems that give usable partition coefficients for most cell populations (1). In work under way in our laboratory on the effects of different chemical and enzymatic modifications on the relative surface properties of rat red blood cells of different ages, we have now found that certain phase compositions did not resolve such treated cell subpopulations while other phase compositions did. Thus not all cha...Continue Reading

References

Aug 3, 1978·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·L M MiheevaS V Rogozhin
Aug 23, 1972·Nature: New Biology·D E Brooks, G V Seaman
Feb 28, 1973·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·R ReithermanS H Barondes
Jan 4, 1966·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·H Walter, F W Selby
Feb 7, 1967·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·H WalterR Garza
Nov 1, 1962·Experimental Cell Research·P A ALBERTSSON, G D BAIRD

Related Concepts

Age Factors
Metazoa
Cell Fractionation
Saviosol
Erythrocytes
Vigilon
August Rats
Rats, Laboratory

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.