Subjective hunger relationships with meal patterns in the spontaneous feeding behavior of humans: evidence for a causal connection

Physiology & Behavior
J M de Castro, D K Elmore


The relationship between the subjective state of hunger and objective food intake was investigated using a diary self-report method. Thirty-one adult humans were paid to record in a diary, for 7 consecutive days, everything that they either ate or drank, the time that they ingested it, and how hungry they were on a seven point scale. The diary entries were encoded and entered into a computer. Meals were identified according to 5 different definitions and meal compositions, estimated stomach contents, and intermeal intervals calculated. Univariate and multiple linear regression predictions of self-reported hunger and meal size were calculated from these data. Self-reported hunger was found to be related negatively to the energy content and the proportion of protein in the stomach at the time of meal ingestion. Meal size was also found to be related to these same factors and also positively to self-rated hunger. These results suggest that protein has a unique satiating property beyond its contribution to total food energy. When self-rated hunger and the premeal stomach contents were all used in a multiple regression prediction of meal size the premeal stomach contents influence became nonsignificant leaving subjective hunger as t...Continue Reading


Feb 1, 1975·The Journal of Physiology·J N Hunt, D F Stubbs
Jul 1, 1975·Physiology & Behavior·J M De Castro
Sep 1, 1985·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro, S M Kreitzman
Jul 1, 1973·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·T A Spiegel
Aug 1, 1969·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·H A Jordan
Nov 1, 1970·Physiology & Behavior·D A BoothA T Campbell
Jul 1, 1969·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·B C WalikeE Stellar
Jan 1, 1966·The Journal of Physiology·A Hopkins
Oct 1, 1981·Physiology & Behavior·I L BernsteinE D Weitzman
Jul 1, 1959·Psychosomatic Medicine·A STUNKARD

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Oct 1, 1991·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro
Jan 1, 1991·Physiology & Behavior·D K Elmore, J M de Castro
Jul 1, 1991·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro
Jan 1, 1992·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro, E M Brewer
Oct 1, 1992·Physiology & Behavior·M Redd, J M de Castro
Apr 1, 1993·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro
Mar 1, 1995·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro, S M Pearcey
Mar 1, 1996·Physiology & Behavior·K Vandewater, Z Vickers
Jan 1, 1996·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·K C Berridge
Jan 1, 1996·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·J M De Castro
Oct 1, 1993·Appetite·C de Graaf
Jun 14, 2002·Physiology & Behavior·John M de CastroGerard Slama
Jul 2, 2003·Physiology & Behavior·F BellisleN Gausseres
Sep 25, 1998·Physiology & Behavior·S D PoppittR Buffenstein
Oct 9, 2002·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·John M de Castro, Stephanie Plunkett
Jul 10, 1999·Addictive Behaviors·K A GendallR M Abbott
Oct 31, 2000·Nutrition·J M de Castro
Apr 20, 2001·Nutrition·J M de Castro, S S Plunkett
Mar 6, 2004·Eating Behaviors·Richard D Mattes
May 18, 2013·Nutrition Research Reviews·M M HetheringtonH C M Van Trijp
Apr 1, 1997·The British Journal of Nutrition·J M De Castro
Mar 1, 1996·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·R J Stubbs
Mar 1, 1997·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·J M De Castro
Oct 30, 1998·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·R J Stubbs
May 23, 2002·The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences·John M de Castro
Apr 8, 2014·Physiology & Behavior·Nori Geary

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.