Subjective hunger relationships with meal patterns in the spontaneous feeding behavior of humans: evidence for a causal connection

Physiology & Behavior
J M de Castro, D K Elmore

Abstract

The relationship between the subjective state of hunger and objective food intake was investigated using a diary self-report method. Thirty-one adult humans were paid to record in a diary, for 7 consecutive days, everything that they either ate or drank, the time that they ingested it, and how hungry they were on a seven point scale. The diary entries were encoded and entered into a computer. Meals were identified according to 5 different definitions and meal compositions, estimated stomach contents, and intermeal intervals calculated. Univariate and multiple linear regression predictions of self-reported hunger and meal size were calculated from these data. Self-reported hunger was found to be related negatively to the energy content and the proportion of protein in the stomach at the time of meal ingestion. Meal size was also found to be related to these same factors and also positively to self-rated hunger. These results suggest that protein has a unique satiating property beyond its contribution to total food energy. When self-rated hunger and the premeal stomach contents were all used in a multiple regression prediction of meal size the premeal stomach contents influence became nonsignificant leaving subjective hunger as t...Continue Reading

References

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Jul 1, 1975·Physiology & Behavior·J M De Castro
Sep 1, 1985·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro, S M Kreitzman
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Citations

Oct 1, 1991·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro
Jan 1, 1991·Physiology & Behavior·D K Elmore, J M de Castro
Jul 1, 1991·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro
Jan 1, 1992·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro, E M Brewer
Oct 1, 1992·Physiology & Behavior·M Redd, J M de Castro
Apr 1, 1993·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro
Mar 1, 1995·Physiology & Behavior·J M de Castro, S M Pearcey
Mar 1, 1996·Physiology & Behavior·K Vandewater, Z Vickers
Jan 1, 1996·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·K C Berridge
Jan 1, 1996·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·J M De Castro
Oct 1, 1993·Appetite·C de Graaf
Jun 14, 2002·Physiology & Behavior·John M de CastroGerard Slama
Jul 2, 2003·Physiology & Behavior·F BellisleN Gausseres
Sep 25, 1998·Physiology & Behavior·S D PoppittR Buffenstein
Oct 9, 2002·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·John M de Castro, Stephanie Plunkett
Jul 10, 1999·Addictive Behaviors·K A GendallR M Abbott
Oct 31, 2000·Nutrition·J M de Castro
Apr 20, 2001·Nutrition·J M de Castro, S S Plunkett
Mar 6, 2004·Eating Behaviors·Richard D Mattes
May 18, 2013·Nutrition Research Reviews·M M HetheringtonH C M Van Trijp
Apr 1, 1997·The British Journal of Nutrition·J M De Castro
Mar 1, 1996·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·R J Stubbs
Mar 1, 1997·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·J M De Castro
Oct 30, 1998·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·R J Stubbs
May 23, 2002·The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences·John M de Castro
Apr 8, 2014·Physiology & Behavior·Nori Geary

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