PMID: 6788642Jan 1, 1981

Sublingual structures in primates. Part 1: Prosimiae, Platyrrhini and Cercopithecinae

Gegenbaurs morphologisches Jahrbuch
C Rommel

Abstract

1. The sublingual structures of primates have been studied light-microscopically. There are 3 different sublingual structures in the species studied. The plica sublingualis occurs in all primates. The sublingual organ is a topographically modified plica sublingualis which occurs exclusively in Callicebus. A sublingua is present only in the prosimians. 2. The plica sublingualis contains the excretory ducts of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. The sublingua is ventrally adherent to the body of the tongue and is, with a few exceptions in Tupaia, characterized by a skeleton of cartilage tissue. A sublingua never exhibits excretory ducts or salivary glands. 3. In some Platyrrhini (Ateles, Aotus, Lagothrix, Alouatta, Callicebus), there are taste buds in the epithelium of the plica sublingualis. They are especially concentrated near the orifices of the salivary glands. 4. The fresh saliva of the submandibular and sublingual gland can be tested by the taste buds on the plica sublingualis, because there is a topographical coincidence. 5. There is a complete absence of taste buds at the plica sublingualis of the prosimians and the Cercopithecinae. 6. There are no taste buds in the epithelium of the sublingua. In the Loris...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cebidae
Pygathrix
Sublingual Region
Primates
Propithecus
Taste Buds
Tongue

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