Subthalamic nucleus and sensorimotor cortex activity during speech production

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Anna ChrabaszczRobert M Richardson

Abstract

The sensorimotor cortex is somatotopically organized to represent the vocal tract articulators, such as lips, tongue, larynx, and jaw. How speech and articulatory features are encoded at the subcortical level, however, remains largely unknown. We analyzed local field potential (LFP) recordings from the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and simultaneous electrocorticography recordings from the sensorimotor cortex of 11 patients (1 female) with Parkinson's disease during implantation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes, while patients read aloud three-phoneme words. The initial phonemes involved either articulation primarily with the tongue (coronal consonants) or the lips (labial consonants). We observed significant increases in high gamma (60-150 Hz) power in both the STN and the sensorimotor cortex that began before speech onset and persisted for the duration of speech articulation. As expected from previous reports, in the sensorimotor cortex, the primary articulator involved in the production of the initial consonant was topographically represented by high gamma activity. We found that STN high gamma activity also demonstrated specificity for the primary articulator, although no clear topography was observed. In general, subt...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Articulation Disorders
Electrocochleography
Implantation Procedure
Jaw
Larynx
Lip Structure
Parkinson Disease
Speech
Tongue Diseases
Local

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