Subthreshold Voltage Analysis Demonstrates Neuronal Cell-Surface Sialic Acids Modulate Excitability and Network Integration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
R. U. KulkarniCarolyn R Bertozzi

Abstract

All neurons are covered in a thick layer of carbohydrates called glycans. Glycans are modified during neurological processes and are thought to play a role in neuronal communication. We develop a voltage imaging platform for analyzing functional connectivity changes using simultaneous voltage recordings in small populations of neurons. We validate this platform using a culture model of development as well as with several pharmacological interventions. Using this platform, we show that ablation of SNA-binding glycans results in loss of functional connectivity in mouse hippocampal neurons, while ablation of MAL II-binding glycans minimally perturbs functional connectivity. Altogether, our data reveal that subpopulations of glycans play different roles in maintenance of electrophysiology and provide a platform for modeling changes in functional connectivity with simultaneous voltage recordings.

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