Successful autotransplantation of a mature mesiodens to replace a traumatized maxillary central incisor

International Endodontic Journal
U DharmaniM Verma

Abstract

This case describes the successful transplantation of a mature mesiodens tooth to replace a traumatized maxillary central incisor. A 17-year-old male attended 1 week after a traumatic injury to his left maxillary central incisor (tooth 21). Radiographs revealed a horizontal root fracture and a poor prognosis. The tooth was atraumatically removed and replaced with a mesiodens lying in the same region. After stabilization, root canal treatment was performed and aesthetics were restored with a tooth coloured restoration. A 2-year follow-up revealed the tooth had good aesthetics and function. A supernumerary nonfunctional tooth such as a mesiodens can be successfully used to replace a missing permanent tooth by autotransplantation. Autotransplantation has a high success rate if case selection is good, appropriate surgery is carried out and excellent hygiene is maintained. Autotransplantation should be considered as one of the most biologic techniques for replacing a missing tooth with minimal cost. Autotransplantation can be carried out even after complete root formation in the donor tooth.

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