Dec 1, 1975

Succinate uptake and related proton movements in Escherichia coli K12

The Biochemical Journal
S J Gutowski, H Rosenberg

Abstract

1. The apparent Km values for succinate uptake by whole cells of Escherichia coli K12 depend on pH in the range 6.5-7.4.2. Uptake of succinate in lightly buffered medium is accompanied by proton uptake. 3. The apparent Km values for succinate uptake and for succinate-induced proton uptake are similar. 4. Approximately two protons enter the cell with each succinate molecule. 5. The pattern of inhibition of succinate uptake is similar to that of succinate-induced proton uptake. 6. Uptake of fumarate and malate, which share the succinate-transport system, is also accompanied by the uptake of approximately two protons per molecule of fumarate or malate. 7. Uptake of aspartate by the dicarboxylic acid-transport system is accompanied by the uptake of approximatley two protons per molecule of asparatate. 8. It is concluded that uptake of dicarboxylic acids by the dicarboxylic acid-transport system is obligatorily coupled to proton uptake such that succinate, malate and fumarate are taken up in electroneutral form and asparate is taken up in cationic form. 9. These results are consistent with, though they do not definitely prove, the energization of succinate uptake of the deltapH.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Buffers
Silver Nitrate, Silver (2+) Salt (2: 1)
Dinitrophenols
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Aspartic Acid, Magnesium-Potassium (2:1:2) Salt
Aspartate
Aerobiosis
Uptake
Escherichia coli K12
Succinates

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